Planting the aquarium is an important part of a planted aquarium. Before planting can begin a small amount of planning can go a long way. A few hours spent planning making sure that you know where each plant is going to go and what your expectations are after a few months of growth will save hours of headache.
Potted Plants. Aquarium gravel, especially the colorful varieties, can brighten up container plants when sprinkled on the top layer of soil. In a more practical application, aquarium gravel can be used in the bottom of plant pots for drainage.
To grow freshwater aquarium plants, start with easy-to-grow varieties such as echinoderms, anubis, java moss, and water wisteria. Install full-spectrum fluorescent or LED tank lights, then add a layer of plant-friendly substrate to the tank and cover it with gravel.
Sword Plant: This bright green beauty is one of the few types of aquarium plants that should be grown in pots. Use a shallow one with soil filling the bottom half topped by gravel or sand. Fanwort (Cabomba): Light green, fan shaped, feathery leaves grow from central stalks.
Place the plant in the substrate. Keep in mind positioning of the plant. Taller plants should be rooted in the background, and shorter plants should be rooted in the foreground. Do not place the plants too near the filter or the heater, because this will not be good for the plants.